28 Outubro 2008

Mais importante do que estar a discutir o factor de Grini e qual o seu significado, devemos olhar para as alterações de pobreza apontadas e quais as medidas propostas.

Porque é que o gap entre ricos e pobres se agravou?:

- Wages have been improving for those people who were already well paid.
- Employment rates have been dropping among less-educated people.
- Tthere are more single-adult and single-family households.

Quem são os mais afectados?

- Since 1980, poverty among the elderly has fallen in OECD countries.
- By contrast, poverty among young adults and families with children has increased.
- On average, one child out of every eight living in an OECD country in 2005 was living in poverty.

O que é que isto significa para as futuras gerações?

- Children living in countries where there is large gap between rich and poor are less likely to improve on the education and income attainments of their parents than children living in countries with low income inequality.
- Countries like Denmark and Australia have higher social mobility, while the United States, United Kingdom and Italy have lower mobility.

O que pode ser feito?
- Education policies should aim to equip people with the skills they need in today’s labour market.
- Active employment policies are needed to help unemployed people find work.
- Access to paid employment is key to reducing the risk of poverty, but getting a job does not necessarily mean you are in the clear. Growing Unequal? found that over half of all households in poverty have at least some income from work.
- Welfare-in-work policies can help hard-pressed working families to have a decent standard of living by supplementing their incomes.

Parece que nestes últimos anos a situação se modificou em especial pelas alterações sociais acontecidas.

Estamos nós a prepararmo-nos para responder a esta nova situação?

Em alguns aspectos penso que sim, em especial no que se refere à educação que pode vir a dar mais empregabilidade, noutros aspectos tenho duvidas, em particular nas politicas para a juventude e para quem vive só.

 

publicado por RPF às 07:23

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